Vivaldi Magnificat from the 2010 Berkeley Festival

by Magnificat

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The 2010 Berkeley Festival & Exhibition concluded with a celebration of the extraordinary repertoire of music composed by Venetian composers for the elaboration of the office of Vespers during the century following Monteverdi’s monumental Vespro della Beata Vergine in 1610. Each of the ensembles that had been featured in main stage events at the Festival contributed to the final concert with all joining forces for the performance of Vivaldi's Magnificat captured on this recording.

The towering figure of the Italian High Baroque, Antonio Vivaldi was born in Venice in 1678. He studied violin with his father and may have had his first composition lessons with Legrenzi, whose style is reflected in his early vocal works. He would become the most famous and imitated Italian musician of the 18th Century and remains one of the most beloved and often-performed composers of the Baroque Era. Astonishingly prolific, Vivaldi composed in every genre current in the first half of the new century and, while his hundreds sonatas and concerti were the influential on the development of the compositional style of the high Baroque and contributed most heavily to his enduring reputation, he also wrote over 50 operas and a significant body of sacred works.

Vivaldi traveled widely and held a variety of positions in courts, churches and other establishments, notably the Ospedale della Pietà, one of four Venetian institutions devoted to the care of orphaned girls, where he was employed for over 30 years. The musical training at the Ospedale was such that Vespers and Mass became a focal point of Venetian culture and regularly attracted local nobility and foreign dignitaries. While his primary responsibility at the Ospedale was the provision of instrumental music like the L’Estro Armonico ("Harmonic Inspiration") of 1711, during periods when the position of choirmaster was vacant he was frequently called upon to provide music for Mass and Vespers and it is most likely that this was the genesis of the of the Magnificat from 1715.

Vivaldi’s Magnificat exists in four distinct versions and its wide circulation throughout Europe suggests that it was Vivaldi’s best-known sacred composition during his lifetime. He returned to the Magnificat in the late 1720s, making relatively small changes possibly for the patronal feast of the Venetian convent of San Lorenzo. More extensive revisions were made for a performance in 1739, again for the Ospedale, with Vivaldi providing alternate settings for some movements. Our performance will be based on the original 1715 version, but will include one of the 1739 additions, the alto setting of Sicut locutus est.

Personnel

Jennifer Ellis Kampani, soprano (Esurientes)
Laura Heimes, soprano (Esurientes)
Rita Lilly, soprano (Et exultavit)
Meg Bragle, mezzo-soprano (Sicut locutus est)
Barbara Hollinshead, mezzo-soprano (Quia repexit)
Christopher LeCluyse, tenor (Quia fecit mihi magna)
Warren Stewart, conductor

ARTEK
Gwendolyn Toth, director and harpsichord
Laura Heimes, soprano
Barbara Hollinshead, mezzo-soprano
Philip Anderson, tenor
Michael Brown, tenor
Peter Becker, bass
Robert Mealy, violin
Daniel Swenberg, theorbo
Charles Weaver, guitar
Grant Herreid, lute
Christa Patton, harp

AVE
Jonathan Dimmock, director and organ
Tonia D'Amelio, soprano
Shauna Fallihee, soprano
Carol Ann Kessler, soprano
Naomi Lopin, soprano
Rita Lilly, soprano
Pam Igelsrud, alto
Clifton Massey, alto
Heidi Waterman, alto
Celeste Winant, alto
David Kurtenbach, tenor
Neal Rogers, tenor
Ed Betts, bass
Joshua Henderson, bass
David Varnum, bass

Archetti
Carla Moore, violin
David Wilson, violin
Cynthia Freivogel, violin
Alicia Yang, violin
Anthony Martin, viola
Tanya Tomkins, violoncello
John Dornenburg, violone
Lorna Peters, harpsichord

Magnificat
Warren Stewart, director
Laura Heimes, soprano
Jennifer Ellis Kampani, soprano
Meg Bragle, alto
Christopher LeCluyse, tenor
Daniel Hutchings, tenor
Peter Becker, bass
Katherine Heater, organ

Marion Verbruggen Trio
Marion Verbruggen, soprano
Margriet Tindemans, viola da gamba
Jillon Stoppels Dupree, harpsichord

Music’s Re-creation
Carla Moore, violin
John Dornenburg, viola da gamba
Lorna Peters, organ

¡Sacabuche!
Linda Pearse, director and sackbut
Lindsey Lang, soprano
Andrew Rader, alto
Dominic Lim, alto
Wolodymyr Smishkewych , tenor
Jedediah Allen, bass
James Andrewes, violin
Janelle Davis, violin
Sarah Barbash-Riley, trombone
Michael DeWitt, trombone
Ray Horton, trombone
Linda Pearse, trombone
Yonit Kosovske. organ

credits

released September 14, 2010

Boby Borisov, engineer

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Magnificat San Francisco, California

For 20 years Magnificat has explored the emotionally charged music of the 17th Century, each season bringing together an assembly of internationally recognized musicians to present innovative programs that inspire the imagination. With dramatic flair and sensitivity to historical context, Magnificat imbues each concert with an infectious joy and a delight in musical make-believe. ... more

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Track Name: Magnificat anima mea Dominum
Magnificat anima mea Dominum

My soul doth magnify the Lord
Track Name: Et exultavit/Quia respexit/Quia fecit mihi magna
Et exultavit spiritus meus:
in Deo salutari meo.
Quia respexit humilitatem ancillæ suæ:
ecce enim ex hoc beatam me dicent
omnes generationes.
Quia fecit mihi magna qui potens est:
et sanctum nomen eius.

And my spirit hath rejoiced:
in God my Saviour.
Because He regarded the lowliness of His handmaiden:
for behold from henceforth all generations
shall call me blessed.
Because He that is mighty hath done great things to me:
and holy is His name.
Track Name: Et misericordia
Et misericordia eius a progenie in progenies:
timentibus eum.
Track Name: Fecit potentiam/Deposuit
Fecit potentiam in brachio suo:
dispersit superbos
mente cordis sui.
Deposuit potentes de sede:
et exaltavit humiles.

He hath shown might in His arm:
He hath scattered the proud
in the conceit of their heart.
He hath put down the mighty from their seat:
and hath exalted the humble.
Track Name: Esurientes
Esurientes implevit bonis:
et divites dimisit inanes.

He hath filled the hungry with good things:
and the rich He hath sent away empty.
Track Name: Suscepit Israel
Suscepit Israel puerum suum:
recordatus misericordiæ suæ.

He hath received Israel His servant:
being mindful of His mercy.
Track Name: Sicut locutus est
Sicut locutus est ad patres nostros:
Abraham et semini eius in sæcula.

As He spoke to our fathers:
to Abraham and to his seed for ever.
Track Name: Gloria/Sicut erat
Gloria Patri et Filio:
et Spiritui Sancto.
Sicut erat in principio et nunc et semper:
et in sæcula sæculorum. Amen.

Glory be to the Father and to the Son:
and to the Holy Spirit.
As it was in the beginning, now, and forever:
world without end. Amen.